Kolavalvil Ramar Temple is one of the 108 Divyadesam dedicated to Vishnu, who is worshipped as Kola Valvill Ramar and his consort Lakshmi as Maragathavalli. The temple is located 19 km away from Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu, India on the Kumbakonam-Chennai highway. The temple is counted as Vaishnava Sukra Kshetra as Vishnu appeared as a beautiful deity. This is the only temple where Garuda Bhagwan appears with 4 hands holding discus and conch.The temple is maintained and administered by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.
According to the legends, the demon guru, Sukrachariyar, was against king Mahabali donating land to Lord Vishnu who appeared in front of Mahabali in the form of a Brahmin boy. Sukrachariyar took the form of a insect and blocked the hole of water bowl used by the king to spill water during the donation. Vishnu identified the trick and inserted a grass stick and removed the insect. The stick hit at one eye of Shukrachariyar and he lost the vi...View more
ion. Shukrachariyar visited many places and prayed to regain the vision of his one eye, finally landed in worshipped Perumal and got back his vision. Sukrachariyar also wished to the Lord that he should make this place as His permanent abode and bless all devotees who visit this temple with good eye sight and cure all eye ailments. Another legend is that once the architects, Viswakarma and Mayan had an argument as to whose skill was superior. They appraoched Lord Brahma. Brahma informed Mayan that Viswakarma attained betterment as he built Vaikunta, the abode of Vishnu and to attain similar status Mayan has to identify and build an abode near river Kaveri similar to Vaikunta. Mayan inspected various places and finally identified Thiruvelliyangudi, where sage Markendeya was doing penance. He built a beautiful temple and its compound, which is believed to be the temple in modern times.This temple is part of the famous Kumbakonam Divyadesam Yatra.
The Thiruvelliyangudi Perumal temple is built in Dravidian architecture style. A granite wall surrounds the temple, enclosing all the shrines and two bodies of water. There is a four-tiered rajagopuram, the temple's gateway tower, in the temple. Leaving the central shrine of the presiding deity, which is built with granite, all the other shrines are built with brick
Male devotees have been advised to wear dhoti, shirt, pyjama or pant and shirt while women and girls should wear saris or churidhar or 'pavadai' with half-sari. Devotees wearing lungi, bermudas, jeans and tight-leggings would not be allowed.
The Kola Valvill Ramar Temple is counted as Vaishnava Sukra Kshetra as Vishnu appeared as a beautiful deity. The place derived its name Thiruvelliyangudi hence and the presiding deity is also referred to as Velliyan. It is the place where Lord Vishnu had made his abode for 4 yugas. In the Krita Yuga this place was known as Brahma Puthiram, Prasuram in the Treta Yuga, Chandra Nagara in the Dwapara Yuga and Bhargava Puram in the Kali Yuga.
Thiruvelliankudi Kolavilli Ramar temple can be reached comfortably by
Auto or Taxi from Kumbakonam and is located at a distance of about 16
Kms from Kumbakonam. It is very close to Thirupanandal. Direct bus
service to the village is not frequent. Route No. 2 from Kumbakonam via
Anaikudi goes to this village. Also buses from Kumbakonam to Anaikarai
can be availed for getting down at Cholapuram. Velliangudi is 6 km from
Hiring an auto from Thirupanandal or Suryanar Koil is the preferred option.
The temple practises Vaigasana Agama and Vadagalai tradition.The temple priests perform the pooja (rituals) during festivals and on a daily basis.The temple rituals are performed four times a day: Kalasanthi at 8:00 AM, Uchikalam at 12:00 PM, Sayarakshai at 5:00 PM, and Ardha Jamam at 7:30 PM. Each ritual has three steps: alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Kolavalvil Ramar and Maragathavalli Thayar. During the last step of worship, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, religious instructions in the Vedas (sacred text) are recited by priests. There are other weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple as in other Vishnu temples in South India.
The belief is that worshipping Perumal in this temple equals to worshipping Him in all 108 Divya Desa temples. Tulsi and Flowers offered for perumal during the friday puja. Those facing vision problems, delay in marriage, seeking child boon pray here with the staunch belief that their prayers will be favourably responded by Lord Perumal. People also pray to Perumal for relief from the adverse aspect of planet Shukra-Venus. Devotees also perform Tirumanjanam to Perumal offering Vastras.